Art in Disney: Sleeping Beauty

Luckily for all of us, the VHS (yes, VHS) of Sleeping Beauty I own happens to come with a special after-the-movie feature about the making of the film, complete with commentary about the film’s stunning visual art. Upon its release in 1959, Sleeping Beauty was the film Disney Studios had taken the longest time in animating–six years. The film is only one hour and sixteen minutes long. So why did animation take seven years?

In the feature, the animators discussed how both they and Walt wanted the film to feel markedly different than Snow White and Cinderella, the two princess films preceding Sleeping Beauty. So they conducted extensive research into medieval paintings and architecture to make Sleeping Beauty feel much more medieval than either of the previous princess films. The animators say that the film’s focus was decidedly pre-Renaissance–mostly Gothic, which is evident when you look at the architecture within the castle. Look at those vaulted arches!

 

The three good fairies emerge from among the vaulted arches in King Stephan’s castle in Disney’s Sleeping Beauty. c/o picslist.com and tumblr.com

 

By looking at both medieval European and Persian illuminated manuscripts, the animators realized a similarity between some of the modern art of the 1950’s and medieval art–many of the artists make use of clean lines and the juxtaposition of horizontals and verticals rather than focusing on creating a perfect vanishing point (perspective).

Illuminated manuscripts like this page from the Limbourg brothers’ Book of Hours provided inspiration for some of the art in Disney’s Sleeping Beauty. c/o wikimedia

 

Persian manuscripts also provided inspiration for the art of Sleeping Beauty, like this page, “Tahmuras Defeats the Divs,” from Folio 23v from the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp, attributed to Sultan Muhammad of Iran. (ca. 1525). c/o metmuseum.org

And nowhere is this better incorporated than in the forest scenes in Sleeping Beauty, which animators then and now credit as being some of the best artwork in all Disney films. And if that isn’t enough, animators stated that they worked to make sure each landscape could match with the characters.

Horizontal and vertical lines help create the forest in Sleeping Beauty. c/o lloydmoviereviews.files.wordpress.com and disneyscreencaps.com

But look at the sumptuous detail. Where is that coming from? Well, according to the feature, animators looked at pre-Renaissance northern European art as well and incorporated the extreme attention-to-detail found there. Animators listed pieces like van Eyck’s The Ghent Altarpiece and the Hunt of the Unicorn tapestries as influences to their art in Sleeping Beauty. You can see the fine details in both pieces and how that translates to both landscape and character in Sleeping Beauty. The artwork is so rich that the film was shot in 70mm film, a bigger size than used in any other Disney film, to show the scope of the art.

Influences for Disney’s Sleeping Beauty include van Eyck’s “The Ghent Altarpiece.” Van Eyck is featured in the Art Docent Program’s 6th grade curriculum. c/o amazonaws.com
Influences for Disney’s Sleeping Beauty include “The Hunt of the Unicorn” tapestry series. c/o metmuseum.org

 

So the next time you watch Disney’s Sleeping Beauty, take note of the use of horizontal and vertical lines and extreme attention-to-detail. Because it’s actually pretty stunning if you look at each frame. I mean, just look at these shots. Ah-mazing.

The woodcutter’s cottage from Disney’s Sleeping Beauty. c/o theartofsleepingbeauty.tumblr.com
Aurora amid some very Gothic furniture and Maleficent’s hypnotic green light in Sleeping Beauty. c/o 4.bp.blogspot.com
The forest from Disney’s Sleeping Beauty. c/o theartofsleepingbeauty.tumblr.com/

 

Be sure to check out The Art of Walt Disney’s Sleeping Beauty on Tumblr for more awesome artwork from Disney’s Sleeping Beauty!

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